Using modified Delphi method to propose and validate components of child injury surveillance system for Iran

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Using modified Delphi method to propose and validate components of child injury surveillance system for Iran


JournalChinese Journal of Traumatology
Publication date – Aug – 2020
Authors – Tania Azadi, Farahnaz Sadoughi, Davoud Khorasani-Zavareh
KeywordsChild injury surveillance system, Modified Delphi method, Wounds and Injuries
Open access – Yes
SpecialityPaediatric surgery, Trauma surgery
World region Middle East
Country: Iran
Language – English
Submitted to the One Surgery Index on August 31, 2020 at 6:22 am
Abstract:

Purpose
Child injuries are a public health concern globally. Injury Surveillance Systems (ISSs) have a beneficial impact on child injury prevention. There is a need for evidence-based consensus on frameworks to establish child ISSs. This research aims to investigate the key components of a child ISS for Iran and to propose a framework for implementation.

Methods
Data were gathered through interview with experts using unstructured questions from January 2017 to December 2018 to identify child ISS functional components. Qualitative data were analyzed using content analysis method. Then, modified Delphi method was used to validate the functional components. Based on the outcomes of the content analysis, a questionnaire with closed questions was developed to be presented to a group of experts. Consensus was achieved in two rounds.

Results
In round one, 117 items reached consensus. In round two, 5 items reached consensus and were incorporated into final framework. Consensus was reached for 122 items comprising the final framework and representing 7 key components: goals of the system, data sources, data set, coalition of stakeholders, data collection, data analysis and data distribution. Each component consisted of several sub-components and respective elements.

Conclusion
This agreed framework will assist in standardizing data collection, analysis and distribution to detect child injury problems and provide evidence for preventive measures.

OSI Number – 20648

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