Ultrasound-guided pericardiocentesis: a novel parasternal approach

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Ultrasound-guided pericardiocentesis: a novel parasternal approach


JournalEuropean journal of emergency medicine: official journal of the European Society for Emergency Medicine
Publication date – Oct – 2018
Authors – Osman, A; Wan Chuan, T; Ab Rahman, J; Via, G; Tavazzi, G
Keywordscardiac intervention, cardiac tamponade, hemodynamic, pericardiocentesis
Open access – Yes
SpecialityEmergency surgery
World region South-eastern Asia
Country: Malaysia
Language – English
Submitted to the One Surgery Index on October 29, 2018 at 11:27 pm
Abstract:

The aim of this study was to evaluate a novel pericardiocentesis technique using an in-plane parasternal medial-to-lateral approach with the use of a high-frequency probe in patients with cardiac tamponade.
Echocardiography is pivotal in the diagnosis of pericardial effusion and tamponade physiology. Ultrasound guidance for pericardiocentesis is currently considered the standard of care. Several approaches have been described recently, which differ mainly on the site of puncture (subxiphoid, apical, or parasternal). Although they share the use of low-frequency probes, there is absence of complete control of needle trajectory and real-time needle visualization. An in-plane and real-time technique has only been described anecdotally.
A retrospective analysis of 11 patients (63% men, mean age: 37.7±21.2 years) presenting with cardiac tamponade admitted to the tertiary-care emergency department and treated with parasternal medial-to-lateral in-plane pericardiocentesis was carried out. The underlying causes of cardiac tamponade were different among the population. All the pericardiocentesis were successfully performed in the emergency department, without complications, relieving the hemodynamic instability. The mean time taken to perform the eight-step procedure was 309±76.4 s, with no procedure-related complications.
The parasternal medial-to-lateral in-plane pericardiocentesis is a new technique theoretically free of complications and it enables real-time monitoring of needle trajectory. For the first time, a pericardiocentesis approach with a medial-to-lateral needle trajectory and real-time, in-plane, needle visualization was performed in a tamponade patient population.

OSI Number – 20260
PMID – 28509710

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