Trauma Care in Low- and Middle-Income Countries

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Trauma Care in Low- and Middle-Income Countries


Journalthieme
Article typeJournal research article – Clinical research
Publication date – Oct – 2021
Authors – Dhurka Shanthakumar, Anna Payne, Trish Leitch, Maryam Alfa-Wali
KeywordsLow-and middle-income countries, trauma, Trauma Care
Open access – Yes
SpecialityTrauma surgery
World region Global

Language – English
Submitted to the One Surgery Index on November 2, 2021 at 11:27 pm
Abstract:

Background Trauma-related injury causes higher mortality than a combination of prevalent infectious diseases. Mortality secondary to trauma is higher in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) than high-income countries. This review outlines common issues, and potential solutions for those issues, identified in trauma care in LMICs that contribute to poorer outcomes.

Methods A literature search was performed on PubMed and Google Scholar using the search terms “trauma,” “injuries,” and “developing countries.” Articles conducted in a trauma setting in low-income countries (according to the World Bank classification) that discussed problems with management of trauma or consolidated treatment and educational solutions regarding trauma care were included.

Results Forty-five studies were included. The problem areas broadly identified with trauma care in LMICs were infrastructure, education, and operational measures. We provided some solutions to these areas including algorithm-driven patient management and use of technology that can be adopted in LMICs.

Conclusion Sustainable methods for the provision of trauma care are essential in LMICs. Improvements in infrastructure and education and training would produce a more robust health care system and likely a reduction in mortality in trauma-related injuries.

OSI Number – 21331

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