The structure, function and implementation of an outcomes database at a Ugandan secondary hospital: the Mbarara Surgical Services Quality Assurance Database

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The structure, function and implementation of an outcomes database at a Ugandan secondary hospital: the Mbarara Surgical Services Quality Assurance Database


JournalSouthern African Journal Of Anaesthesia And Analgesia
Article typeJournal research article – Clinical research
Publication date – Mar – 2022
Authors – P G Firth, J Ngonzi, R Mushagara, N Musinguzi, C Liu, A A Boatin, W Mugabi, D Kayaga, P Naturinda, D Twesigye, F Sanyu, G Mugyenyi, S Ttendo
Keywordsdata collection/methods, databases, Epidemiology, factual, health care, hospital mortality, outcome assessment, Uganda
Open access – Yes
SpecialityAnaesthesia, Critical care, Health policy, Obstetrics and Gynaecology
World region Eastern Africa
Country: Uganda
Language – English
Submitted to the One Surgery Index on March 11, 2022 at 11:13 am
Abstract:

The Mbarara Surgical Services Quality Assurance Database (Mbarara SQUAD) is an outcomes database of surgical, obstetric and anaesthetic/critical care at Mbarara Regional Referral Hospital, a secondary referral hospital in southwestern Uganda. The primary scope of SQUAD is the assessment of the outcomes of care. The primary outcome is mortality. The aim is to improve the quality of care, guide allocation of resources and provide a platform for research. The target population includes all inpatients admitted for treatment to the surgery service, the obstetrics and gynaecology services, and the intensive care unit (ICU). Data collection was initiated in 2013 and closed in 2018. Data were extracted from patient charts and hospital logbooks. The database has over 50 000 patient encounters, including over 20 000 obstetrics and gynaecology admissions, 15 000 surgical admissions and 16 000 otolaryngology outpatient visits. Entries are coded using the International Classification of Diseases, Tenth Revision (ICD-10) for diagnoses, and the International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision, Clinical Modification (ICD-9-CM) for procedures. The completeness and accuracy of the data entry and the coding were validated. Governance of data use is by a local steering committee in Mbarara. The structure, function and implementation of this database may be relevant for similar hospital databases in low-income countries.

OSI Number – 21515

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