The Role of Noncommunicable Diseases in the Pursuit of Global Health Security

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The Role of Noncommunicable Diseases in the Pursuit of Global Health Security


JournalHealth Security
Article typeJournal research article – Literature review
Publication date – May – 2021
Authors – Deliana Kostova, Patricia Richter, Gretchen Van Vliet, Michael Mahar, and Ronald L. Moolenaar
KeywordsGlobal Health, Noncommunicable diseases, security programs
Open access – Yes
SpecialityHealth policy, Other
World region Global

Language – English
Submitted to the One Surgery Index on May 17, 2021 at 2:23 am
Abstract:

Noncommunicable diseases and their risk factors are important for all aspects of outbreak preparedness and response, affecting a range of factors including host susceptibility, pathogen virulence, and health system capacity. This conceptual analysis has 2 objectives. First, we use the Haddon matrix paradigm to formulate a framework for assessing the relevance of noncommunicable diseases to health security efforts throughout all phases of the disaster life cycle: before, during, and after an event. Second, we build upon this framework to identify 6 technical action areas in global health security programs that are opportune integration points for global health security and noncommunicable disease objectives: surveillance, workforce development, laboratory systems, immunization, risk communication, and sustainable financing. We discuss approaches to integration with the goal of maximizing the reach of global health security where infectious disease threats and chronic disease burdens overlap.

OSI Number – 21091

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