The role of non-governmental organizations in advancing the global surgery and anesthesia goals

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The role of non-governmental organizations in advancing the global surgery and anesthesia goals


JournalJournal of Public Health and Emergency
Publication date – Sep – 2020
Authors – Desmond T. Jumbam, Libby Durnwald, Ruben Ayala, Ulrick Sidney Kanmounye
KeywordsGlobal surgery; global anesthesia; non-governmental organizations (NGOs); health systems strengthening; surgical systems
Open access – Yes
SpecialityAnaesthesia, Health policy
World region Global

Language – English
Submitted to the One Surgery Index on October 12, 2020 at 9:49 pm
Abstract:

Non-governmental organizations (NGOs) are indispensable to social and economic development, particularly in states with limited resources or poor governance. With about five billion people globally lacking access to safe, timely and affordable surgical and anesthesia care, mostly in low-income and middle-income countries (LMICs), NGOs can play a critical role in meeting this significant surgical need and advancing the global surgery and anesthesia goals set by the Lancet Commission on Global Surgery in alignment with the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). Surgical-NGOs (s-NGOs) have historically and continue to play a vital role in reducing the surgical burden globally, providing at least 3 million surgical procedures annually in LMICs. They have done this primarily through service delivery by employing temporary platforms such as short-term surgical trips and self-contained surgical platforms or through the setting up of specialized hospitals. With the advent of the SDGs, s-NGOs are increasingly investing in strengthening local health systems by supporting various dimensions of the health systems building blocks. Health systems strengthening interventions by s-NGOs have primarily focused on the training of skilled local surgical workforce (pre-service and in-service) and investing in health infrastructure through equipment and supplies donations to capacitate local health facilities to provide high-quality sustainable surgical and anesthesia care. Despite these laudable efforts, s-NGOs have not been without challenges and criticism especially around the cost-effectiveness, sustainability, equity and quality of care provided. In this article, we review the current landscape of s-NGOs and the challenges they face. We also examine the roles of s-NGOs in advancing the global surgery and anesthesia goals and SDGs in light of the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic.

OSI Number – 20669

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