The Global Burden of Rheumatic Heart Disease: Population-Related Differences (It is Not All the Same!)

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The Global Burden of Rheumatic Heart Disease: Population-Related Differences (It is Not All the Same!)


JournalBrazilian Journal of Cardiovascular Surgery
Article typeJournal research article – Other
Publication date – Nov – 2020
Authors – Manuel J. Antunes
KeywordsRheumatic Heart Disease. Mitral Valve. Mitral Valve Repair. Developing Countries. Altruism.
Open access – Yes
SpecialityCardiothoracic surgery
World region Global

Language – English
Submitted to the One Surgery Index on December 15, 2020 at 2:11 am
Abstract:

Rheumatic heart disease (RHD) remains the most common cardiovascular disease in young adults and adolescents in need of heart surgery in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs).
The mean age of patients is 20-25 years, often much younger. By contrast, the few patients with chronic RHD in developed countries present a mean age of around 55 years. It is absolutely fundamental to differentiate these two types of population. Pathology, lesions and surgical methods are different, and the results should not be compared. It is not all the same!
A certain enthusiasm for mitral repair has recently surged, with several reports showing excellent results in children and young adults, resulting from the renewed interest of cardiac surgeons, also based on new and modified techniques developed in the meantime. While surgery is easily accessible to patients in developed countries, the situation in LMICs is often dramatic, with countries where there is a complete absence of or few surgical facilities absolutely unable to meet gigantic demands. Many foreign surgical teams conduct humanitarian missions in several of these countries. They are just a “drop of water in the ocean” of needs.

In some cases, however, these missions led to the establishment of local teams that now work independently and, in some cases, outperform the foreign teams still visiting.

OSI Number – 20802

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