The Epidemiology of Traumatic Brain Injury Due to Traffic Accidents in Latin America: A Narrative Review

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The Epidemiology of Traumatic Brain Injury Due to Traffic Accidents in Latin America: A Narrative Review


JournalJournal of Neurosciences in Rural Practice
Publication date – Feb – 2020
Authors – Jack Dunne, Gabriel Alexander Quiñones-Ossa  , Ethne Grey Still, María N. Suarez, José A. González-Soto, David S. Vera, Andrés M. Rubiano
KeywordsBrain injuries, Epidemiology, Latin America, road traffic accidents, trauma
Open access – Yes
SpecialityNeurosurgery, Trauma surgery
World region South America
Country: Colombia
Language – English
Submitted to the One Surgery Index on May 10, 2020 at 8:59 am
Abstract:

Objective Traumatic brain injuries (TBIs) are devastating injuries and represent a major cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. Traffic accidents are one of the main causes, especially in low- and middle-income countries. The epidemiology of TBI due to road traffic in Latin America is not clearly documented.

Methods A narrative review was conducted using PubMed, SCOPUS, and Google Scholar, looking for TBI studies in Latin America published between 2000 and 2018. Seventeen studies were found that met the inclusion and exclusion criteria.

Results  It was found that TBI due to road traffic accidents (RTAs) is more frequent in males between the ages of 15 and 35 years, and patients in motor vehicles accounted for most cases, followed by pedestrians, motorcyclists, and cyclists.

Conclusion Road traffic accidents is a common cause of TBI in Latin America. More studies and registries are needed to properly document the epidemiological profiles of TBI related to RTAs.

OSI Number – 20337

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