The challenges of implementing low-dose computed tomography for lung cancer screening in low- and middle-income countries

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The challenges of implementing low-dose computed tomography for lung cancer screening in low- and middle-income countries


JournalNature Cancer
Article typeJournal research article – Literature review
Publication date – Dec – 2020
Authors – Eduardo Edelman Saul, Raquel B. Guerra, Michelle Edelman Saul, Laercio Lopes da Silva, Gabriel F. P. Aleixo, Raquel M. K. Matuda & Gilberto Lopes
Keywordslow dose computised tomography, non-small-cell lung cancer, screening
Open access – Yes
SpecialityCardiothoracic surgery, Surgical oncology
World region Global

Language – English
Submitted to the One Surgery Index on January 2, 2021 at 10:40 pm
Abstract:

Lung cancer accounts for an alarming human and economic burden in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). Recent landmark trials from high-income countries (HICs) by demonstrating that low-dose computed tomography (LDCT) screening effectively reduces lung cancer mortality have engendered enthusiasm for this approach. Here we examine the effectiveness and affordability of LDCT screening from the viewpoint of LMICs. We consider resource-restricted perspectives and discuss implementation challenges and strategies to enhance the feasibility and cost-effectiveness of LDCT screening in LMICs.

OSI Number – 20839

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