Pediatric Cataract Audit at a Tertiary Care Center in Karachi

Purpose: To perform pediatric cataract surgery audit at a tertiary care center in Karachi.

Study Design: Descriptive observational study.

Place and Duration of Study: From January, 2016 to July, 2018 at Ophthalmology Department of Jinnah Postgraduate Medical Center, Karachi.

Material and Methods: All patients with congenital cataract were included in study regardless of presence or absence of systemic association. Patients who were lost to follow up at three months were excluded from the study. Hospital records were reviewed retrospectively and data on patient demographics, preoperative presentations, intraoperative complications and postoperative visual outcomes was documented on predesigned proformas. All patients underwent lens aspiration, posterior capsulotomy and anterior vitrectomy. Surgeries were performed under general anesthesia. Preoperative and postoperative visual acuity was assessed with ability to fix and follow light/objects, Kay picture test and Snellen’s chart according to patient’s age.

Results: Three hundred and twenty six eyes underwent surgery for congenital cataract and sixty for traumatic cataract. Number of male patients was 54.93% and female was 45.07%. The average age of patients with congenital cataract was 5.01 years and that for traumatic cataract was 7.8 years. Amblyopia, nystagmus and strabismus were the commonest ocular comorbidities. Uncorrected visual acuity ranged from 6/18 to light perception preoperatively. Postoperatively 55% children with congenital cataract and 15% children with traumatic cataract had visual acuity better than 6/24.

Conclusion: Early surgery in congenital cataract gives good visual outcomes. In traumatic cataract extraction, the final visual outcome depends on other effects of trauma on ocular structures.

Management and outcomes following emergency surgery for traumatic brain injury – A multi-centre, international, prospective cohort study (the Global Neurotrauma Outcomes Study).

Traumatic brain injury (TBI) accounts for a significant amount of death and disability worldwide and the majority of this burden affects individuals in low-and-middle income countries. Despite this, considerable geographical differences have been reported in the care of TBI patients. On this background, we aim to provide a comprehensive international picture of the epidemiological characteristics, management and outcomes of patients undergoing emergency surgery for traumatic brain injury (TBI) worldwide. The Global Neurotrauma Outcomes Study (GNOS) is a multi-centre, international, prospective observational cohort study. Any unit performing emergency surgery for TBI worldwide will be eligible to participate. All TBI patients who receive emergency surgery in any given consecutive 30-day period beginning between 1st of November 2018 and 31st of December 2019 in a given participating unit will be included. Data will be collected via a secure online platform in anonymised form. The primary outcome measures for the study will be 14-day mortality (or survival to hospital discharge, whichever comes first). Final day of data collection for the primary outcome measure is February 13th. Secondary outcome measures include return to theatre and surgical site infection. This project will not affect clinical practice and has been classified as clinical audit following research ethics review. Access to source data will be made available to collaborators through national or international anonymised datasets on request and after review of the scientific validity of the proposed analysis by the central study team.