Background: Fracture is a loss in the structural continuity of bone which results from injury, repetitive stress, or abnormal weakening of the bone. Globally, fracture injury continues to be an important cause of morbidity and disability both in the developed and developing countries.
Objective: The aim of this study was to assess the clinical profile and patterns of extremity fracture patients visiting orthopedic department at TASH, Ethiopia.
Materials and Method: Institutional based retrospective cross-sectional study was carried out. The sample size was 354 and study participants were extermity fracture cases. The data were analyzed using SPSS 21. Chi-square (χ2) test was applied to see if there was any association between the different variables.
Results: Most of the fracture victims, 111 (32.6%), were between the ages of 15 and 29 years. Lower extremity fracture (65.6%) was more common compared to upper extremity (34.7%). The femur (23.7 %) was the commonest fractured bone. The common patterns of fractures were transverse type which accounted for (35.5 %). The leading causes of fractures were road traffic injuries (RTIs) (42.2%) followed by falling down accidents (29.6%). The Cause of fracture and number of bone fracture were significantly associated with age (p<0.05).
Conclusion: The most commonly fractured bone in the extremities was the femur followed by tibia and fibula. Transverse factures followed by communited-type of fractures were the commonest patterns of fracture. The leading cause of fracture was road traffic injury followed by falling-down accidents.