Review of Testicular Tumor: Diagnostic Approach and Management Outcome in Africa

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Review of Testicular Tumor: Diagnostic Approach and Management Outcome in Africa


Journalresearch and reports in urology
Publication date – Feb – 2020
Authors – Ayun Cassell , Mohamed Jalloh , Medina Ndoye , Bashir Yunusa , Mouhamadou Mbodji , Abdourahmane Diallo , Omar Gaye , Issa Labou , Lamine Niang , Serigne Gueye
Keywordsgerm cell; orchidectomy; testicular cancer
Open access – Yes
SpecialityUrology surgery
World region Central Africa, Eastern Africa, Middle Africa, Northern Africa, Southern Africa, Western Africa

Language – English
Submitted to the One Surgery Index on June 2, 2020 at 10:17 am
Abstract:

Testicular cancer is a common malignancy in young males with higher incidence in developed nations but with the lowest incidence in Africa (0.3-0.6/100 000). Ironically, the global testicular cancer mortality rate has shown a reverse trend to its incidence with higher rates in low- and middle-income countries (0.5 per 100 000) than in high-income countries. Data from GLOBOCAN 2008 have shown relatively high mortality rates in sub-Saharan countries like Mali, Ethiopia, Niger and Malawi. The prognosis of testicular tumor is good with remarkable chemosensitivity to cisplatin-based regimen. Early diagnosis, careful staging and a multidisciplinary management approach is crucial to achieve this optimal result. These results are achievable in the sub-Saharan region if the relevant resources are appropriated for cancer care and clinical guidelines are formulated in a regional context.

OSI Number – 20492
PMID – 32110551

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