Retrospective review of Google Trends to gauge the popularity of global surgery worldwide: A cross-sectional study
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Journal – Annals of Medicine and Surgery
Article type – Journal research article – Clinical research
Publication date – Oct – 2021
Authors – Lorraine Arabang Sebopelo, Alexandre Jose Bourcier, Olaoluwa Ezekiel Dada, Gideon Adegboyega, Daniel Safari Nteranya, Ulrick Sidney Kanmounye
Keywords – Global Health, global surgery
Open access – Yes
Speciality – Health policy
World region Global
Country: Australia, Canada, Germany, India, New Zealand, Nigeria, South Africa, United Kingdom, United States of America
Language – English
Submitted to the One Surgery Index on October 30, 2021 at 3:54 am
Global surgery is a growing movement worldwide, but its expansion has not been quantified. Google Search is the most popular search engine worldwide, and Google Trends analyzes its queries to determine popularity trends. We used Google Trends to analyze the regional and temporal popularity of global surgery (GS). Furthermore, we compared GS with global health (GH) to understand if the two were correlated.
This is a retrospective cross-sectional study examining Google Trends of GS and GH. We searched the terms “global surgery” and “global health” on Google Trends (Google Inc., CA, USA) from January 2004 to May 2021. We identified time trends and compared the two search terms using SPSS v26 (IBM, WA, USA) to run summary descriptive analyses and Wilcoxon rank-sum tests.
The ten countries most interested in GS were India (5.0%), the United Kingdom (5.0%), Ireland (4.0%), the United States (4.0%), Australia (3.0%), Canada (3.0%), New Zealand (3.0%), Germany (2.0%), South Africa (2.0%), and Nigeria (1.0%). GS became more popular after 2015 (2.3% vs. 1.3%, P < 0.001) and was consistently less popular than GH (1.6% vs. 45.3%, P = 0.04). The difference between GS and GH interest levels increased after 2015 (45.4% vs. 42.9%, P = 0.04).
GS is less popular than GH, more popular in high-income countries, and has become more popular after 2015 when the Lancet Commission on Global Surgery published its seminal report. The World Health Organization passed resolution WHA 68.15. Future advocacy efforts should target low- and middle-income countries primarily.
OSI Number – 21321