Progress and challenges in potential access to oral health primary care services in Brazil: A population-based panel study with latent transition analysis

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Progress and challenges in potential access to oral health primary care services in Brazil: A population-based panel study with latent transition analysis


JournalPLOS ONE
Article typeJournal research article – Clinical research
Publication date – Mar – 2021
Authors – Ana Graziela Araujo Ribeiro ,Rafiza Félix Marão Martins,João Ricardo Nickenig Vissoci,Núbia Cristina da Silva,Thiago Augusto Hernandes Rocha,Rejane Christine de Sousa Queiroz,Aline Sampieri Tonello,Catherine A. Staton,Luiz Augusto Facchini,Erika Bárbara Abreu Fonseca Thomaz
KeywordsAccess and Quality of Primary Care (PMAQ-AB), Oral health services, primary care, Transitional analysis
Open access – Yes
SpecialityMaxillofacial and oral surgery
World region South America
Country: Brazil
Language – English
Submitted to the One Surgery Index on March 26, 2021 at 5:35 am
Abstract:

Objective
Compared indicators of potential access to oral health services sought in two cycles of the Program for Improvement of Access and Quality of Primary Care (PMAQ-AB), verifying whether the program generated changes in access to oral health services.

Methods
Transitional analysis of latent classes was used to analyze two cross-sections of the external evaluation of the PMAQ-AB (Cycle I: 2011–2012 and Cycle II: 2013–2014), identifying completeness classes for a structure and work process related to oral health. Consider three indicators of structure (presence of a dental surgeon, existence of a dental office and operating at minimum hours) and five of the work process (scheduling every day of the week, home visits, basic dental procedures, scheduling for spontaneous demand and continuation of treatment). Choropleth maps and hotspots were made.

Results
The proportion of elements that had one or more dentist (CD), dental office and operated at minimum hours varied from 65.56% to 67.13 between the two cycles of the PMAQ-AB. The number of teams that made appointments every day of the week increased 8.7% and those that made home visits varied from 44.51% to 52.88%. The reduction in the number of teams that reported guaranteeing the agenda for accommodating spontaneous demand, varying from 62.41% to 60.11% and in the continuity of treatment, varying from 63.41% to 61.11%. For the structure of health requirements, the predominant completeness profile was “Best completeness” in both cycles, comprising 71.0% of the sets at time 1 and 67.0% at time 2. The proportion of teams with “Best completeness” increased by 89.1%, the one with “Worst completeness” increased by 20%, while those with “Average completeness” decreased by 66.3%.

Conclusion
We identified positive changes in the indicators of potential access to oral health services, expanding the users’ ability to use them. However, some access attributes remain unsatisfactory, with organizational barriers persisting.

OSI Number – 20978

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