Prevalence and Risk Factors Associated with Serious Injuries among in-school Adolescents in Samoa: A population based cross-sectional study

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Prevalence and Risk Factors Associated with Serious Injuries among in-school Adolescents in Samoa: A population based cross-sectional study


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Article typePre-print – Clinical research
Publication date – Nov – 2022
Authors – Jacob Sarfo, Paul Obeng, Mustapha Amoadu, Peace Yaa Kordorwu, Abdul Karim Adams, Thomas Boateng Gyan, Abdul-Ganiyu Osman, Immanuel Asiedu
KeywordsAdolescents, Correlates, prevalence, Samoa, Serious injuries
Open access – Yes
SpecialityTrauma and orthopaedic surgery, Trauma surgery
World region Polynesia
Country: Samoa
Language – English
Submitted to the One Surgery Index on November 20, 2022 at 11:18 pm
Abstract:

Introduction
Injuries form one of the leading causes of death and disability among human populations. Notwithstanding the growing evidence of injuries worldwide, little is known about the case of adolescents in Samoa. The study aimed to explore the prevalence and risk factors associated with serious injuries among adolescents in Samoa.

Methods
The 2017 Global School-Based Student Health Survey data from Samoa was analysed using the Chi-square test and binomial logistic regression analysis with an adjusted odds ratio (AOR) at a 95% confidence interval (CI).

Results
The prevalence of serious injury among in-school adolescents in Samoa is 46.8%. Sex (male) (AOR = 1.60, CI = 1.29–1.98) was a significant predictor of serious injuries among adolescents in Samoa. Other predictors of serious injuries included physical attack (AOR = 2.21, CI = 1.66–2.94), Physical fights (AOR = 2.27, CI = 1.84–2.80) and being bullied (AOR = 1.59, CI = 1.28–1.99).

Conclusion
Samoa’s serious injury rate among in-school adolescents requires multidisciplinary programmes like anti-bullying campaigns, violence-free relationship education and policies.

OSI Number – 21818

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