Patterns of care of breast cancer patients in Morocco – A study of variations in patient profile, tumour characteristics and standard of care over a decade

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Patterns of care of breast cancer patients in Morocco – A study of variations in patient profile, tumour characteristics and standard of care over a decade


JournalThe Breast
Article typeJournal research article – Clinical research
Publication date – Jul – 2021
Authors – Hind Mrabti, Catherine Sauvaget, Abdellatif Benider ,Karima Bendahhou, Farida Selmouni, Richard Muwonge, Leila Alaoui, Eric Lucas, Youssef Chami, Patricia Villain, Loubna Abousselham , Andre L. Carvalho,Maria Bennani, Hassan Errihani, Rengaswamy Sankaranarayanan, Rachid Bekkali , Partha Basu
KeywordsBreast Cancer, Disease-free survival, Morocco, Pattern of care, Quality of treatment
Open access – Yes
SpecialityHealth policy, Surgical oncology
World region Northern Africa
Country: Morocco
Language – English
Submitted to the One Surgery Index on July 18, 2021 at 9:27 pm
Abstract:

Guided by a national cancer plan (2010–19), Morocco made significant investments in improving breast cancer detection and treatment. A breast cancer pattern-of-care study was conducted to document the socio-demographic profiles of patients and tumour characteristics, measure delays in care, and assess the status of dissemination and impact of state-of-the-art management. The retrospective study conducted among 2120 breast cancer patients registered during 2008–17 at the two premier-most oncology centres (Centre Mohammed VI or CM-VI and Institut National d’Oncologie or INO) also measured temporal trends of the different variables.

Median age (49 years) and other socio-demographic characteristics of the patients remained constant over time. A significant improvement in coverage of the state-financed health insurance scheme for indigent populations was observed over time. Median interval between onset of symptoms and first medical consultation was 6 months with a significant reduction over time. Information on staging and molecular profile were available for more than 90% and 80% of the patients respectively. Approximately 55% of the patients presented at stage I/II and proportion of triple-negative cancers was 16%; neither showing any appreciable temporal variation. Treatment information was available for more than 90% of the patients; 69% received surgery with chemotherapy and/or radiation. Treatment was tailored to stage and molecular profiles, though breast conservation therapy was offered to less than one-fifth. When compared using the EUSOMA quality indicators for breast cancer management, INO performed better than CM-VI. This was reflected in nearly 25% difference in 5-year disease-free survival for early-stage cancers between the centres.

OSI Number – 21171

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