Parotid Tumours: A Conservative Investigative and Surgical Approach

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Parotid Tumours: A Conservative Investigative and Surgical Approach


JournalJournal of Surgery
Publication date – Feb – 2020
Authors – Paul Douglas-Jones, Melesse G Biadgelign, Stuart Burrows and Johannes J Fagan
KeywordsCancer; Malignancy; Parotid partial parotidectomy; Recurrence; Superficial parotidectomy; Survival; Total parotidectomy
Open access – Yes
SpecialityENT surgery
World region Southern Africa
Country: South Africa
Language – English
Submitted to the One Surgery Index on May 31, 2020 at 5:52 pm
Abstract:

Background: The extent of preoperative investigations for parotid tumours and whether a partial or total parotidectomy should be performed for malignancy remain controversial. In developing countries, limited access to special investigations and their affordability requires careful consideration when investigating parotid tumors.

Aims: This study assesses whether a conservative investigative and surgical approach to parotid malignancies with adjuvant radiation therapy in selected patients is associated with acceptable local control and survival rates.

Methods: A retrospective observational audit was conducted on patients undergoing parotid surgery for parotid masses, by a single surgeon, between 1st January 2004 and 31st December 2012. Outcome measures included local tumour control and five-year disease-specific survival, calculated via Kaplan-Meier analysis.

Results: Three hundred and forty-seven parotidectomies were performed for parotid masses between 2004 and 2012. Fifty-three primary parotid malignancies were diagnosed (15%) and were followed up for a mean of 56.6 months postoperatively. Adopting a conservative investigative and surgical approach to primary parotid malignancies was associated with a local tumour control rate of 92.5%.

Conclusion: A conservative investigative and surgical approach with adjuvant radiation therapy in select patients is associated with excellent local control with primary parotid malignancy.

OSI Number – 20472

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