Organ Donation and Transplantation in Sub-Saharan Africa: Opportunities and Challenges

LATEST ARTICLES
SEARCH INDEX
SUGGEST ARTICLE
THE OSI COLLECTIONS
AUDIOGRAM SERIES
ABOUT THE OSI
2020 SUMMARY

OSI STATISTICS

Open access articles:
837
Annotations added:
3
Countries represented:
106
No. of contributors:
12
Bookmarks made:
21

Organ Donation and Transplantation in Sub-Saharan Africa: Opportunities and Challenges


JournalIntech Open
Article typeBook chapter
Publication date – Dec – 2020
Authors – Ifeoma Ulasi, Chinwuba Ijoma, Ngozi Ifebunandu, Ejikeme Arodiwe, Uchenna Ijoma, Julius Okoye, Ugochi Onu, Chimezie Okwuonu, Sani Alhassan, Obinna Onodugo
KeywordsChallenges, end organ diseases/failure, low resource countries, opportunities, transplant models
Open access – Yes
SpecialityCardiothoracic surgery, Emergency surgery, General surgery, Health policy, Other, Paediatric surgery, Plastic surgery, Surgical oncology, Trauma and orthopaedic surgery, Urology surgery
World region Central Africa, Eastern Africa, Middle Africa, Southern Africa, Western Africa

Language – English
Submitted to the One Surgery Index on January 5, 2021 at 5:42 am
Abstract:

Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA), occupying about 80% of the African continent is a heterogeneous region with estimated population of 1.1 billion people in 47 countries. Most belong to the low resource countries (LRCs). The high prevalence of end-organ diseases of kidney, liver, lung and heart makes provision of organ donation and transplantation necessary. Although kidney and heart transplantations were performed in South Africa in the 1960s, transplant activity in SSA lags behind the developed world. Peculiar challenges militating against successful development of transplant programmes include high cost of treatment, low GDP of most countries, inadequate infrastructural and institutional support, absence of subsidy, poor knowledge of the disease condition, poor accessibility to health-care facilities, religious and trado-cultural practices. Many people in the region patronize alternative healthcare as first choice. Opportunities that if harnessed may alter the unfavorable landscape are: implementation of the 2007 WHO Regional Consultation recommendations for establishment of national legal framework and self-sufficient organ donation/transplantation in each country and adoption of their 2020 proposed actions for organ/transplantation for member states, national registries with sharing of data with GODT, prevention of transplant commercialization and tourism. Additionally, adapting some aspects of proven successful models in LRCs will improve transplantation programmes in SSA.

OSI Number – 20853

Public annotations on this article:
No public annotations yet