One Health Approach and Antimicrobial Resistance: From Global to Ethiopian Context

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One Health Approach and Antimicrobial Resistance: From Global to Ethiopian Context


JournalEC Pharmacology and Toxicology – ECronicon
Publication date – Aug – 2020
Authors – Dejen Nureye, Mohammed Salahaddin, Workineh Woldeselassie
KeywordsAntimicrobial Resistance (AMR), Ethiopia, Low-and Middle-Income Countries (LMIC)
Open access – Yes
SpecialityHealth policy
World region Eastern Africa
Country: Ethiopia
Language – English
Submitted to the One Surgery Index on September 1, 2020 at 3:27 am
Abstract:

Recently, antimicrobial resistance is considered as a global health crisis. Some are thought that we are now in post-antibiotic era. Despite data gaps are largest; it creates particularly significant intimidation to low- and middle-income countries. Many factors are responsible for the development of resistance to antimicrobials by microorganisms. Weak regulations and usage inaccuracies are the major causes for the occurrence of antibiotic resistance. In the last three decades, greater than thirty new infectious diseases, most originated from animals, have been emerged. There is also rising of antimicrobial consumption across the world. The growth
of human populations and an increase in contact with wildlife contribute to the spread of resistance and making it a global health concern. Since there are many routes by which drug metabolites and resistant microbes can disseminate among humans, animals and the environment, One Health Approach is urgently required to address antimicrobial resistance in global, national and local level, including Ethiopia. Internationally, the worst threat comes from the emergence and rapid spread of multi-drug resistant Gramnegative bacteria. Once again, an intercontinental, interdisciplinary and multiple approaches should be taken to combat this problem among worldwide nations with special emphasis in developing countries encompassing Africa and Ethiopia.

OSI Number – 20659

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