Neurosurgery in Egypt from ancient Egyptians to Modern Neurosurgery, African Perspective

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Neurosurgery in Egypt from ancient Egyptians to Modern Neurosurgery, African Perspective


JournalJournal of Global Neurosurgery
Article typeJournal research article – Other
Publication date – Apr – 2021
Authors – Mohamed El-Fiki ,Naser El-Ghandour , Adel El Hakim
KeywordsEgyptian medicine, Neurosurgery
Open access – Yes
SpecialityNeurosurgery
World region Northern Africa
Country: Egypt
Language – English
Submitted to the One Surgery Index on April 27, 2021 at 2:17 am
Abstract:

Neurosurgery has been practiced for more than 12,000 years worldwide. Cranial and transnasal approaches to the brain have been practiced for variable religious, mystical, or therapeutic purposes in ancient civilizations of Africa and specifically in Egypt (1). Ancient Egyptian medicine is documented in the paintings on the walls of temples and numerous papyri (figure 1) (2-4).

Ancient Egyptian medicine dates to 3500 BC when Athotis (Hor-Aha), the second king of the first dynasty, was found to have in his tomb the first “Book of the Dead” that was later quoted with modifications till it reached “Practical Medicine and Anatomic Book” in Ani’s papyrus

OSI Number – 21044

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