Negative Pressure Wound Therapy in the Treatment of Surgical Site Infection in Cardiac Surgery

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Negative Pressure Wound Therapy in the Treatment of Surgical Site Infection in Cardiac Surgery

JournalRevista Brasileira de Enfermagem
Publication date – Jul – 2020
Authors – Mayra de Castro Oliveira, Alessandra Yuri Takehana de Andrade, Ruth Natalia Teresa Turrini, Vanessa de Brito Poveda
KeywordsCardiology, Negative-Pressure Wound Therapy, Sternotomy, Surgical Wound Infection, Thoracic Surgical Procedures
Open access – Yes
SpecialityCardiothoracic surgery
World region South America
Country: Brazil
Language – English
Submitted to the One Surgery Index on July 6, 2020 at 3:03 am
Abstract:

Objectives
To describe the relationship between epidemiological and clinical characteristics of postoperative cardiac surgery patients undergoing negative pressure wound therapy for the treatment of surgical site infection.
Methods
An observational, cross-sectional analytical study including a convenience sample consisting of medical records of patients undergoing sternal cardiac surgery with surgical site infection diagnosed in medical records treated by negative pressure wound therapy.
Results
Medical records of 117 patients, mainly submitted to myocardial revascularization surgery and with deep incisional surgical site infection (88; 75.2%). Negative pressure wound therapy was used on mean for 16 (±9.5) days/patient; 1.7% had complications associated with therapy and 53.8% had discomfort, especially pain (93.6%). The duration of therapy was related to the severity of SSI (p=0.010) and the number of exchanges performed (p=0.045).
Conclusions
Negative pressure wound therapy has few complications, but with discomfort to patients.

OSI Number – 20580
PMID – 32609220

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