Needs Assessment of Leadership and Governance in Cardiovascular Health in Nepal

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Needs Assessment of Leadership and Governance in Cardiovascular Health in Nepal


JournalKathmandu University Medical Journal
Article typeJournal research article – Clinical research
Publication date – Jan – 2022
Authors – Pradhan PMS, Bhatt RD, Pandit R, Shrestha A, Maharjan R, Jha N, Bajracharya S, Shrestha S, Koju RP, Karmacharya BM
KeywordsCardiovascular diseases, Governance, leadership, Needs assessment, Nepa
Open access – Yes
SpecialityCardiothoracic surgery, Health policy
World region Southern Asia
Country: Nepal
Language – English
Submitted to the One Surgery Index on January 13, 2022 at 2:15 am
Abstract:

Background
Good governance and leadership are essential to improve healthy life expectancy particularly in low and middle-income countries (LMICs). This study aimed to epitomize the challenges and opportunities for leadership and good governance for the health system to address non-communicable diseases particularly cardiovascular diseases (CVD) in Nepal.
Objective
The objective of this study was to understand and document CVD programs and policy formulation processes and to identify the government capacity to engage stakeholders for planning and implementation purposes.
Method
A national-level task force was formed to coordinate and steer the overall need assessment process. A qualitative study design was adopted using “The Health System Assessment Approach”. Eighteen indicators under six topical areas in leadership and governance in cardiovascular health were assessed using desk review and key informant interviews.
Result
Voice and accountability exist in planning for health from the local level. The government has shown a strong willingness and has a strategy to work together with the private and non-government sectors in health however, the coordination has not been effective. There are strong rules in place for regulatory quality, control of corruption, and maintaining financial transparency. The government frequently relies on evidence generated from large-scale surveys for health policy formulation and planning but research in cardiovascular health has been minimum. There is a scarcity of cardiovascular disease-specific protocols.
Conclusion
Despite plenty of opportunities, much homework is needed to improve leadership and governance in cardiovascular health in Nepal. The government needs to designate a workforce for specific programs to help monitor the enforcement of health sector regulations, allocate enough funding to encourage CVD research, and work towards developing CVD-specific guidelines, protocols, and capacity building.

OSI Number – 21432

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