Lessons learnt from emergency medicine services during the COVID-19 pandemic: A case study of India and the United States

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Lessons learnt from emergency medicine services during the COVID-19 pandemic: A case study of India and the United States


JournalAnnals of Medicine and Surgery
Article typeJournal research article – Clinical research
Publication date – Dec – 2021
Authors – Zouina Sarfraz, Azza Sarfraz, Muzna Sarfraz, Farah A. Chohan, Claire Stringfellow, Esha Jain, Namrata Hange, Hanyou Loh, Miguel Felix, Ivan Cherrez-Ojeda
Keywordscovid-19, emergency department (ED), India, patients, the United States
Open access – Yes
SpecialityCritical care
World region Northern America, Southern Asia
Country: India, United States of America
Language – English
Submitted to the One Surgery Index on January 1, 2022 at 6:09 am
Abstract:

India and the United States have both witnessed a high burden of COVID-19 infections since the pandemic was declared in early 2020. However, the COVID-19 restrictions have met with mixed responses in India and the US. Despite recommendations to continue social isolation and personal hygiene measures, India has not been able to curb the rise in daily cases. Our findings demonstrate the difference in the manner by which India and the US differ in their emergency handling of patients. We conducted a thorough review of the existing protocols and data concerning emergency responses in India and the US. The triage and care of suspected COVID-19 positive patients is different across India and the US. We find that there is a shortage of oxygenation, vaccination and other essential supplies in India. Further, the US is able to triage patients through telemedicine and EMS before suspected COVID-19 patients arrive, which is less prevalent in India. Our study identifies the importance of the emergency department (ED) as a critical contributor to the prevention and care of suspected and confirmed COVID-19 patients. Hospitals in India have been struggling to accommodate a huge influx of patients during its second wave with the ED playing a key link in their COVID-19 response.

OSI Number – 21420

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