Functional recovery time after facial fractures: characteristics and associated factors in a sample of patients from southern Brazil

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Functional recovery time after facial fractures: characteristics and associated factors in a sample of patients from southern Brazil


JournalRev Col Bras Cir
Article typeJournal research article – Clinical research
Publication date – Jan – 2021
Authors – VinÍcius Azeredo Muller , Gustavo Krummenauer Bruksch , Giordano Santana SÓria , Karen DA Rosa Gallas , FlÁvio Renato Reis DE-Moura , Myrian Camara Brew , Caren Serra Bavaresco
Keywordsfacial fractures, facial trauma, prevention strategies
Open access – Yes
SpecialityMaxillofacial and oral surgery, Trauma surgery
World region South America
Country: Brazil
Language – English
Submitted to the One Surgery Index on January 30, 2021 at 7:29 am
Abstract:

Understanding the cause, severity, and elapsed time for the restoration of the functions of maxillofacial injuries can contribute to the establishment of clinical priorities aiming at effective treatment and further prevention of facial trauma. The objective of this study was to understand the factors associated with the restoration of mastication, ocular, and nasal functions in the face of trauma victims, estimating their recovery time after surgical treatment. We analyzed 114 medical records of patients treated at the Hospital Montenegro, who attended follow-up consultations for up to 180 days. For analysis of the recovery time, we performed survival analysis, followed by COX analysis. We observed that half of the patients recovered their functions within 20 days. The average time for recovery from trauma in the zygomatic-orbital-malar-nasal complex was 11 days, and in the maxillary-mandibular complex, 21 days (HR: 1.5 [0.99 2.3], p = 0.055). Although functional reestablishment has reached high rates after the surgical approach, it is necessary to analyze the failing cases, as well as the economic impacts and the prevention strategies associated with facial trauma, to improve the service to the population.

OSI Number – 20910

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