Functional and clinical outcomes of open versus closed radius and ulna shaft fractures in adults: A prospective cohort study

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Functional and clinical outcomes of open versus closed radius and ulna shaft fractures in adults: A prospective cohort study


JournalJournal Of Pakistan Medical Association
Publication date – Feb – 2020
Authors – Tashfeen Ahmad, Zehra Abdul Muhammad, Pervaiz Hashmi
Keywordsoutcomes, radius and ulna shaft fractures, Trauma; standard of care; registry
Open access – Yes
SpecialityTrauma and orthopaedic surgery, Trauma surgery
World region South-eastern Asia
Country: Pakistan
Language – English
Submitted to the One Surgery Index on May 29, 2020 at 7:17 am
Abstract:

Objective: To compare functional and clinical outcomes of open versus closed radius ulna shaft fractures in adults treated by internal fixation.

Methods: A prospective cohort study was conducted on patients presenting with traumatic radius and ulna shaft fractures to Aga Khan University and undergoing internal fixation between July 2015 to June 2019. Data was extracted from an ongoing orthopaedic trauma registry. Functional and clinical outcomes were assessed by Price et al. criteria at 6 weeks, 3, 6 and 12 months follow-up. Outcome scores of open versus closed fractures were compared.

Results: Twenty-nine adult patients with isolated radius and ulna shaft fracture were identified. Cause of injury was road traffic accident in 18 (62%) and fall in 11 (38%) patients. Seventeen (59%) were closed and 12 (41%) were open fractures. At 6week follow-up, better outcomes were observed in closed fracture group (p=0.01) with near-full range of motion and activity in 10(83%) patients as compared to 3(27%) in the open fracture group. No significant difference in outcomes was observed at 3 months and thereafter.

Conclusions: Earlier recovery of function at 6 weeks was observed in majority of patients in the closed fracture group. Our data shows that good-excellent functional and clinical results are achievable by internal fixation in both open as well as closed fractures of the shaft of radius and ulna in adults.

OSI Number – 20418
PMID – 31981331

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