Factors Affecting Survival in Nontraumatic Pediatric Abdominal Surgical Emergencies: A Contemporary Review

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Factors Affecting Survival in Nontraumatic Pediatric Abdominal Surgical Emergencies: A Contemporary Review


Journalcureus
Article typeJournal research article – Clinical research
Publication date – May – 2022
Authors – Harshal Tayade, Yashwant Lamture, Meenakshi Yeola
Keywordslow- and middle-income countries (LMICs), patient-related factors, Pediatric Abdominal Surgical
Open access – Yes
SpecialityEmergency surgery, General surgery, Paediatric surgery
World region Global

Language – English
Submitted to the One Surgery Index on May 18, 2022 at 11:10 pm
Abstract:

Surgically curable illnesses in the pediatric population are a major public health issue with a high prevalence of 10%-33% of all pediatric admissions, and emergency situations account for 50%-78% of surgical cases. Emergency abdominal surgery in children necessitates proper and prompt surgical and perioperative supportive care. When compared to elective operations, emergency surgery has a greater rate of morbidity and fatality. Staffing concerns, access to operating theaters, and access to diagnostic investigations are all possible causes of this high fatality rate, in addition to patient-related factors. Literature from high-income countries (HICs) discusses the problem, and recommendations are available for high-quality setups with good infrastructure. However, surgical care facilities from resource-poor countries have altogether different challenges and bottlenecks when dealing with children requiring emergency surgical operative procedures to save lives. This review aims to discuss factors affecting the survival of children being operated on for abdominal emergencies in resource-poor setups and suggest recommendations.

OSI Number – 21607

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