Exploring the factors motivating continued Lay First Responder participation in Uganda: a mixed-methods, 3-year follow-up
Journal – Emergency Medicine Journal
Publication date – Oct – 2020
Authors – Peter G Delaney, Zachary J Eisner, T Scott Blackwell, Ibrahim Ssekalo, Rauben Kazungu, Yang Jae Lee, John W Scott, Krishnan Raghavendran
Keywords – basic ambulance care, first responders, Global Health, prehospital care
Open access – Yes
Speciality – Emergency surgery, Trauma and orthopaedic surgery, Trauma surgery
World region Eastern Africa
Language – English
Submitted to the One Surgery Index on November 11, 2020 at 6:55 pm
Background The WHO recommends training lay first responders (LFRs) as the first step towards establishing emergency medical services (EMS) in low-income and middle-income countries. Understanding social and financial benefits associated with responder involvement is essential for LFR programme continuity and may inform sustainable development.
Methods A mixed-methods follow-up study was conducted in July 2019 with 239 motorcycle taxi drivers, including 115 (75%) of 154 initial participants in a Ugandan LFR course from July 2016, to evaluate LFR training on participants. Semi-structured interviews and surveys were administered to samples of initial participants to assess social and economic implications of training, and non-trained motorcycle taxi drivers to gauge interest in LFR training. Themes were determined on a per-question basis and coded by extracting keywords from each response until thematic saturation was achieved.
Results Three years post-course, initial participants reported new knowledge and skills, the ability to help others, and confidence gain as the main benefits motivating continued programme involvement. Participant outlook was unanimously positive and 96.5% (111/115) of initial participants surveyed used skills since training. Many reported sensing an identity change, now identifying as first responders in addition to motorcycle taxi drivers. Drivers reported they believe this led to greater respect from the Ugandan public and a prevailing belief that they are responsible transportation providers, increasing subsequent customer acquisition. Motorcycle taxi drivers who participated in the course reported a median weekly income value that is 24.39% higher than non-trained motorcycle taxi counterparts (p<0.0001).
Conclusions A simultaneous delivery of sustained social and perceived financial benefits to LFRs are likely to motivate continued voluntary participation. These benefits appear to be a potential mechanism that may be leveraged to contribute to the sustainability of future LFR programmes to deliver basic prehospital emergency care in resource-limited settings.
OSI Number – 20739
PMID – 33127741