Epidemiology, prognostic factors, and outcome of trauma patients admitted in a Brazilian intensive care unit.

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Epidemiology, prognostic factors, and outcome of trauma patients admitted in a Brazilian intensive care unit.


JournalOpen access emergency medicine : OAEM
Publication date – Aug – 2018
Authors – Pogorzelski, GF; Silva, TA; Piazza, T; Lacerda, TM; Spencer Netto, FA; Jorge, AC; Duarte, PA
KeywordsEpidemiology, Intensive care, mortality, trauma
Open access – Yes
SpecialityTrauma and orthopaedic surgery
World region South America
Country: Brazil
Language – English
Submitted to the One Surgery Index on September 8, 2018 at 12:00 am
Abstract:

Trauma is a major cause of hospital admissions and is associated with manifold complications and high mortality rates. However, data on intensive care unit (ICU) admissions are scarce in developing and low-income countries, where its incidence has been increasing.To analyze epidemiological and clinical factors and outcomes in adult trauma patients admitted to the ICU of a public teaching hospital in a developing country as well as to identify risk factors for complications in the ICU.Retrospective cohort of adult trauma patients admitted to the general ICU of a public teaching hospital in southern Brazil in the year 2012. Demographic, clinical, and outcome data from the ICU were analyzed.During the study period, 144 trauma patients were admitted (83% male, Acute Physiology and Chronic Health Evaluation Score II =18.6±7.2, age =33.3 years, 93% required mechanical ventilation). Of these, 60.4% suffered a traffic accident (52% motorcycle), and 31.2% were victims of violence (aggressions, gunshot wounds, or stabbing); 71% had brain trauma, 37% had chest trauma, and 21% had abdominal trauma. Patients with trauma presented a high incidence of complications, such as infections, acute renal failure, acute respiratory distress syndrome, and thrombocytopenia. The ICU mortality rate was 22.9%.In a Brazilian public teaching ICU, there was a great variability of trauma etiologies (mainly traffic accidents with motorcycles and victims of violence); patients with trauma had a high incidence of complications and mortality in the ICU.

OSI Number – 10229
PMID – 30100769

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