Epidemiological Characteristics, Ventilator Management, and Clinical Outcome in Patients Receiving Invasive Ventilation in Intensive Care Units from 10 Asian Middle-Income Countries (PRoVENT-iMiC): An International, Multicenter, Prospective Study

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Epidemiological Characteristics, Ventilator Management, and Clinical Outcome in Patients Receiving Invasive Ventilation in Intensive Care Units from 10 Asian Middle-Income Countries (PRoVENT-iMiC): An International, Multicenter, Prospective Study


JournalThe American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
Article typeJournal research article – Clinical research
Publication date – Jan – 2021
Authors – Luigi Pisani, Anna Geke Algera, Ary Serpa Neto, Areef Ahsan, Abigail Beane, Kaweesak Chittawatanarat, Abul Faiz, Rashan Haniffa, Seyed MohammadReza Hashemian, Madiha Hashmi, Hisham Ahmed Imad, Kanishka Indraratna, Shivakumar Iyer, Gyan Kayastha, Bhuvana Krishna, Tai Li Ling, Hassan Moosa, Behzad Nadjm, Rajyabardhan Pattnaik, Sriram Sampath, Louise Thwaites, Ni Ni Tun, Nor’azim Mohd Yunos, Salvatore Grasso, Frederique Paulus, Marcelo Gama de Abreu, Paolo Pelosi, Nick Day, Nick White, Arjen M. Dondorp, Marcus J. Schultz and for the PRoVENT-iMiC† investigators, MORU‡ and the PROVE Network
KeywordsEpidemiological Characteristics, Intensive care, Ventilator Management
Open access – Yes
SpecialityCritical care
World region Central Asia, Eastern Asia, South-eastern Asia, Southern Asia, Western Asia

Language – English
Submitted to the One Surgery Index on January 22, 2021 at 8:54 am
Abstract:

Epidemiology, ventilator management, and outcome in patients receiving invasive ventilation in intensive care units (ICUs) in middle-income countries are largely unknown. PRactice of VENTilation in Middle-income Countries is an international multicenter 4-week observational study of invasively ventilated adult patients in 54 ICUs from 10 Asian countries conducted in 2017/18. Study outcomes included major ventilator settings (including tidal volume [V T ] and positive end-expiratory pressure [PEEP]); the proportion of patients at risk for acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS), according to the lung injury prediction score (LIPS), or with ARDS; the incidence of pulmonary complications; and ICU mortality. In 1,315 patients included, median V T was similar in patients with LIPS < 4 and patients with LIPS ≥ 4, but lower in patients with ARDS (7.90 [6.8–8.9], 8.0 [6.8–9.2], and 7.0 [5.8–8.4] mL/kg Predicted body weight; P = 0.0001). Median PEEP was similar in patients with LIPS < 4 and LIPS ≥ 4, but higher in patients with ARDS (five [5–7], five [5–8], and 10 [5–12] cmH2O; P < 0.0001). The proportions of patients with LIPS ≥ 4 or with ARDS were 68% (95% CI: 66–71) and 7% (95% CI: 6–8), respectively. Pulmonary complications increased stepwise from patients with LIPS < 4 to patients with LIPS ≥ 4 and patients with ARDS (19%, 21%, and 38% respectively; P = 0.0002), with a similar trend in ICU mortality (17%, 34%, and 45% respectively; P < 0.0001). The capacity of the LIPS to predict development of ARDS was poor (ROC AUC of 0.62, 95% CI: 0.54–0.70). In Asian middle-income countries, where two-thirds of ventilated patients are at risk for ARDS according to the LIPS and pulmonary complications are frequent, setting of V T is globally in line with current recommendations.

OSI Number – 20891

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