Endometriosis and Pregnancy: A Single Institution Experience

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Endometriosis and Pregnancy: A Single Institution Experience


JournalInternational Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Publication date – Jan – 2020
Authors – Maria Grazia Porpora, Federica Tomao , Adele Ticino , Ilaria Piacenti , Sara Scaramuzzino , Stefania Simonetti , Ludovica Imperiale , Chiara Sangiuliano , Luisa Masciullo , Lucia Manganaro and Pierluigi Benedetti Panici
Keywordsendometriosis; adenomyosis; obstetric complications; caesarean section
Open access – Yes
SpecialityObstetrics and Gynaecology
World region Western Europe
Country: Italy
Language – English
Submitted to the One Surgery Index on June 2, 2020 at 9:18 am
Abstract:

Endometriosis may compromise the physiological course of pregnancy. The aim of this prospective observational study was to evaluate whether endometriosis causes a higher prevalence of obstetric and neonatal complications as well as a higher risk of caesarean section and to detect a possible correlation between the presence, type, and location of endometriosis and obstetric complications, previous surgery, and pregnancy outcome, as well as the influence of pregnancy on the course of the disease. We compared two cohorts of women with spontaneous pregnancy, with and without endometriosis. Obstetric and neonatal outcomes, mode of delivery, presence, type, and location of endometriotic lesions and the effect of pregnancy on the disease were analyzed. A total of 425 pregnancies were evaluated: 145 cases and 280 controls. Patients with endometriosis showed a higher incidence of miscarriage, threatened miscarriage, threatened preterm labor, preterm delivery, placental abruption, and a higher incidence of caesarean section. A significant correlation with pregnancy-induced hypertension and preeclampsia was found in the presence of adenomyosis. No difference in fetal outcome was found. One case of hemoperitoneum during pregnancy was observed. Pregnancy in women with endometriosis carries a higher risk of obstetric complications, such as miscarriage, threatened miscarriage, preterm labor, preterm birth, and a higher caesarean section rate. Endometriosis does not seem to influence fetal well-being.

OSI Number – 20488

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