Emergency Department Outcome of Patients with Traumatic Brain Injury – A Retrospective Study from Pakistan

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Emergency Department Outcome of Patients with Traumatic Brain Injury – A Retrospective Study from Pakistan


JournalPPakistan Journal Of Neurological surgery
Article typeJournal research article – Clinical research
Publication date – Jun – 2021
Authors – Uzair Yaqoob, Farrukh Javeed, Lal Rehman, Mashika Pahwani, Sara Madni,Muhammad Muizz Uddin
Keywordsmortality, TBI, traumatic brain injury
Open access – Yes
SpecialityNeurosurgery, Trauma surgery
World region Southern Asia
Country: Pakistan
Language – English
Submitted to the One Surgery Index on July 3, 2021 at 2:07 am
Abstract:

Introduction: Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a leading cause of global morbidity and mortality in both adults and children. As with other severe injuries, the outcome of TBIs is also gravely related to the quality of emergency care. Effective emergency care significantly contributes to reduced morbidity and mortality. This study was ensued to evaluate the characteristics of TBIs in Pakistan and their outcomes in the emergency department (ED).

Methods: This retrospective review included records of all TBI patients seen in the Neurosurgical ED of Jinnah Postgraduate Medical Centre, Karachi, Pakistan from 1st September 2019 till 7th December 2019.

Results: During the study period, 5,546 patients with TBI were seen in the ED; an estimated 56.5 patients per day. There were 4,054 (73.1%) male and 1,492 (26.9%) female patients. Most of these (26%) were of age <10 years. The most common culprit of TBI was road traffic accidents (RTAs) (n=2,163; 39%) followed by accidental fall (n=1,785; 32.2%). Head injury was mostly mild (n=4,034; 72.8%) and only 265 (4.7%) had a severe injury. Only 10% (n=549) patients were admitted for further treatment, 16% were managed in the ED then discharged, and 67% were immediately discharged from the ED after the first examination and necessary management. The ED mortality rate of TBIs was 2.2% (n=123/5,546) in our study. All of these cases had severe head injuries.

Conclusion: Major culprits of TBI are RTAs and accidental falls. TBIs are mostly mild-to-moderate and the ED mortality rate is low.

OSI Number – 21163

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