Challenges in Public Health Rapid Response Team Management

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Challenges in Public Health Rapid Response Team Management


Journalhealth security
Publication date – Jan – 2020
Authors – Ashley L. Greiner, Tasha Stehling-Ariza, Dante Bugli, Adela Hoffman, Coralie Giese, Lisa Moorhouse, John C. Neatherlin, and Cyrus Shahpar
KeywordsEmergency response, Global health security, Global Health Security Agenda, Public health emergencies, Rapid response teams
Open access – Yes
SpecialityEmergency surgery, Health policy, Trauma surgery
World region Global

Language – English
Submitted to the One Surgery Index on June 2, 2020 at 9:09 am
Abstract:

The International Health Regulations (2005) dictate the need for states parties to establish capacity to respond promptly
and effectively to public health risks. Public health rapid response teams (RRTs) can fulfill this need as a component of a
larger public health emergency response infrastructure. However, lack of a standardized approach to establishing and
managing RRTs can lead to substantial delays in effective response measures. As part of the Global Health Security
Agenda, national governments have sought to develop and more formally institute their RRTs. RRT challenges were
identified from 21 countries spanning 4 continents from 2016 to 2018 through direct observation of RRTs deployed
during public health emergencies, discussions with RRT managers involved in outbreak response, and during formal
RRT management training workshops. One major challenge identified is the development and maintenance of an RRT
roster to ensure deployable surge staff identification, selection, and availability. Another challenge is ensuring that
RRT members are trained and have the relevant competencies to be effective in the field. Finally, the lack of defined
RRT standard operating procedures covering both nonemergency maintenance measures and the multistage emergency
response processes required for RRT function can delay the RRT’s response time and effectiveness. These findings
highlight the importance of planning to preemptively address these challenges to ensure rapid and effective response
measures, ultimately strengthening global health security.

OSI Number – 20486

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