Analysing a Global Health Education Framework for Public Health Education Programs in India

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Analysing a Global Health Education Framework for Public Health Education Programs in India


JournalThe University of Sydney
Article typeThesis
Publication date – May – 2021
Authors – Sawleshwarkar, Shailendra Nagorao
Keywordscurriculum, education, Global Health, India, public Health, Stakeholder perspectives
Open access – Yes
SpecialityHealth policy, Surgical Education
World region Southern Asia
Country: India
Language – English
Submitted to the One Surgery Index on May 28, 2021 at 6:51 am
Abstract:

Academic global health is of increasing interest to educators and students in public health but competency domains as well as education pathways that deliver this training, are still being identified and refined. This thesis was undertaken using an education program development paradigm and aimed to analyse the factors shaping global health education in India by examining multistakeholder perspectives. The research framework consisted of four components: curriculum and content, students, faculty and key experts, and employers. Studies captured the perspectives of students through a survey and focus group discussions, faculty and other key experts through semi-structured interviews, and employers through job advertisement analysis. We identified eleven global health competency domains focussed on three aspects: foundational competencies, core public health skills and soft skills. Global health and public health were seen as interconnected, with global health having transnational context and public health having a more national focus. Global health was seen as a nascent concept in India and although integration of global health education into the public health curriculum was supported, there were concerns given that public health is still too new a discipline in India. Global health competencies were seen as a ‘step up’ from the public health competencies. Based on the results, a two-level approach to global health education is proposed for Indian public health institutions. The first approach, targeted at recent graduates, focuses on a ‘foundational global health education’ within public health programs such as an MPH. The second approach is an ‘Executive Global Health Certificate Program’, aimed at experienced public health professionals planning to enter the global health workforce. This thesis has outlined a framework for Indian and other LMIC institutions looking to expand the scope of public health education and intend to develop global health education programs.

OSI Number – 21110

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