A Situational Analysis of the Specialist Anaesthesia Workforce of East, Central and Southern Africa

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A Situational Analysis of the Specialist Anaesthesia Workforce of East, Central and Southern Africa


JournalResearch
Article typePre-print – Clinical research
Publication date – Jan – 2021
Authors – Juventine Asingei, Eric O’Flynn, Diarmuid O’Donovan, Sophia Masuka, Doreen Mashava, Faith Akello, Mpoki Ulisubisya
KeywordsAnaesthesia, Anaesthesiologist, Anaesthesiology, and Southern Africa, Central, East, global surgery, Physician Anaesthesia Provider, Workforce Survey
Open access – Yes
SpecialityAnaesthesia
World region Central Africa, Eastern Africa, Southern Africa

Language – English
Submitted to the One Surgery Index on January 16, 2021 at 11:34 pm
Abstract:

Background: An accurate account of the distribution of qualied anaesthesiologists in East, Central and Southern Africa has been lacking with most of the current publications being estimates of headline gures. As university training programmes, and more recently the College of Anaesthesiologists of East, Central and Southern Africa (CANECSA), work to scale up the anaesthesiology workforce, it is crucial to understand the scope of the need by carrying out an extensive survey. This is key to informing policymakers and stakeholders for tackling the problem of human resources for anaesthesia.

Methods: The anaesthesiologist distribution in the eight CANECSA member countries was determined using a combination existing databases and collection of new data from sources such as CANECSA records, national medical council registers, national anaesthesiology society records, as well as data validation through direct and indirect contact with the anaesthesiologists. Data collation and analysis was performed using Microsoft Excel Spreadsheets and SPSS by assessing relevant frequencies and crosstabulations. Data was stored in a cloud-based database managed by CANECSA.

Results: 411 qualified anaesthesiologists were identied within the CANECSA member countries, a rate of 0.21 anaesthesiologists per 100,000 population compared to 333 (0.17 anaesthesiologists per 100,000 population) reported by the World Federation of Societies of Anaesthesiology (WFSA) in 2015/2016. Newly quantified details on the distribution of anesthesiologists in the region include: the majority (89.5%) of anaesthesiologists perform clinical work and most (69.3%) are based in the main commercial cities of their countries of practice; only about one third (35.5%) are female; the majority are employed by government institutions (61.6%) and medical-training institutions (59.4%); and almost half (49.2%) of anaesthesiologists whose age was recorded ranged from 30 to 39 years.

Conclusion: The numbers of anaesthesiologists in CANECSA member countries are still far below all international recommendations constituting only about 5% of the minimum recommended figures for LMICs. Anaesthesiologist are highly concentrated in the major cities of the region, with few in provincial and rural areas. Nonetheless, all trends suggest huge opportunities for advancing training of more
anaesthesiologists through collaborative efforts.

OSI Number – 20865

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